Although originating on English ships as they set sail for colonies in the far east, India pale ales are now brewed right across the world.
They are renowned for differing to quite a degree depending upon where they're brewed as the ingredients, most notably the hop strains used, varies across different regions, significantly affecting the flavour profile of the resulting beer.
That being said, most examples of IPAs today are famous for ranging in colour from gold or copper to amber or brown, and possessing higher levels of alcohol, well above 5% or even 6%.
On top of this, they are beers with a highly pronounced hop profile that often exudes an intense hoppy bitterness alongside hoppy fruit character, and only a slight to moderate malt profile.
As the flavours present in these beers are so dependent upon the particular hop strains used, the specific flavours found can vary between citrus, fresh pine, resiny flavors, spices, or tropical and stone fruits.
Combine all of these characteristics in a typically medium to full bodied beer and you have a brew that is perfect when paired with heavily salted or fried foods, hearty meat dishes, such as deep-fried meats or sausages, and finally, juicy burgers with a hotly or sweetly spiced sauce, such as barbecue sauce.